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Breaking Down the Mexican National ID Number

The National ID Number or CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) is likely one of the most typical ID numbers for people in Mexico. It is comparable in use to the U.S. Social Security Number, but unlike the SSN, it is algorithmically generated utilizing the particular person’s full authorized name and personal information. Understanding Mexican ID Number building may also help reveal key information about people and permit analysts to easily establish false ID numbers.

Naming Conventions in Latin America

Earlier than we talk about the structure of CURPs, it is essential to talk about naming conventions in Latin America. In Spanish-speaking jurisdictions, names are typically comprised of three parts.

An individual’s given name, additionally known as a primary name, is either a single name, akin to Alejandra, or more commonly a compound name with or more names, similar to Francisco Enrique.

The given name is adopted by the paternal surname, then the maternal surname. Paternal and materials surnames will be compound, but this is less common.

For example, let’s look at professional Mexican soccer player Rafael Márquez Álvarez. The U.S. Division of the Treasury sanctioned him in 2017 for serving as a frontman and holding property for long-time drug kingpin Raúl Flores Hernández, the leader of the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization.

If we break down his name into its three components, his given name is Rafael, his paternal surname is Márquez, and his maternal surname is Álvarez.

Deciphering the Mexican National ID Number

The Mexican National ID Number (CURP) is an eighteen character alphanumeric code. It is structured as follows:

4 letters from the person’s authorized name: – First letter of the paternal surname – First inner vowel of the paternal surname – First letter of the maternal surname – First letter of the given name
Six numbers that are the individual’s date of start in YYMMDD format
One letter describing the individual’s gender: «H» for male (hombre) and «M» for feminine (mujer)
Two letters which are the 2-letter state abbreviation for the state where the person was born; if the particular person was born outside of Mexico, the abbreviation «NE» will probably be used for Nacido en el Extranjero (born abroad)
Three letters from the particular person’s authorized name: – First internal consonant of the paternal surname – First inner consonant of the maternal surname – First inside consonant of the given name
One character to keep away from duplicate CURPs amongst individuals who have comparable names, places of delivery, and dates of start; the character is a number that ranges from zero to 9 for people born before 2000 and a letter from A to Z for individuals born since 2000
One character that may be a checksum

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