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Breaking Down the Mexican National ID Number

The National ID Number or CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) is likely one of the commonest ID numbers for folks in Mexico. It’s comparable in use to the U.S. Social Security Number, however unlike the SSN, it is algorithmically generated utilizing the person’s full legal name and personal information. Understanding Mexican ID Number building may help reveal key details about people and permit analysts to simply identify false ID numbers.

Naming Conventions in Latin America

Before we discuss the structure of CURPs, it is essential to talk about naming conventions in Latin America. In Spanish-speaking jurisdictions, names are typically comprised of three parts.

An individual’s given name, additionally known as a first name, is either a single name, similar to Alejandra, or more commonly a compound name with or more names, corresponding to Francisco Enrique.

The given name is followed by the paternal surname, then the maternal surname. Paternal and materials surnames will be compound, but this is less common.

For instance, let’s look at professional Mexican soccer player Rafael Márquez Álvarez. The U.S. Division of the Treasury sanctioned him in 2017 for serving as a frontman and holding property for long-time drug kingpin Raúl Flores Hernández, the leader of the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization.

If we break down his name into its three elements, his given name is Rafael, his paternal surname is Márquez, and his maternal surname is Álvarez.

Deciphering the Mexican National ID Number

The Mexican National ID Number (CURP) is an eighteen character alphanumeric code. It is structured as follows:

Four letters from the particular person’s authorized name: – First letter of the paternal surname – First inside vowel of the paternal surname – First letter of the maternal surname – First letter of the given name
Six numbers which are the individual’s date of start in YYMMDD format
One letter describing the person’s gender: «H» for male (hombre) and «M» for feminine (mujer)
Two letters that are the two-letter state abbreviation for the state the place the individual was born; if the individual was born outside of Mexico, the abbreviation «NE» might be used for Nacido en el Extranjero (born abroad)
Three letters from the particular person’s authorized name: – First internal consonant of the paternal surname – First inside consonant of the maternal surname – First inner consonant of the given name
One character to keep away from duplicate CURPs amongst people who have related names, places of delivery, and dates of birth; the character is a number that ranges from zero to nine for people born earlier than 2000 and a letter from A to Z for people born since 2000
One character that could be a checksum

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