Breaking Down the Mexican National ID Number
The National ID Number or CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) is one of the commonest ID numbers for folks in Mexico. It’s related in use to the U.S. Social Security Number, but unlike the SSN, it is algorithmically generated using the person’s full legal name and personal information. Understanding Mexican ID Number development can help reveal key information about people and permit analysts to simply determine false ID numbers.
Naming Conventions in Latin America
Before we focus on the construction of CURPs, it is essential to talk about naming conventions in Latin America. In Spanish-speaking jurisdictions, names are typically comprised of three parts.
A person’s given name, also known as a primary name, is either a single name, akin to Alejandra, or more commonly a compound name with two or more names, corresponding to Francisco Enrique.
The given name is followed by the paternal surname, then the maternal surname. Paternal and material surnames could be compound, however this is less common.
For instance, let’s look at professional Mexican soccer player Rafael Márquez Álvarez. The U.S. Division of the Treasury sanctioned him in 2017 for serving as a frontman and holding property for long-time drug kingpin Raúl Flores Hernández, the leader of the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization.
If we break down his name into its three components, his given name is Rafael, his paternal surname is Márquez, and his maternal surname is Álvarez.
Deciphering the Mexican National ID Number
The Mexican National ID Number (CURP) is an eighteen character alphanumeric code. It is structured as follows:
4 letters from the particular person’s authorized name: – First letter of the paternal surname – First internal vowel of the paternal surname – First letter of the maternal surname – First letter of the given name
Six numbers that are the individual’s date of birth in YYMMDD format
One letter describing the individual’s gender: «H» for male (hombre) and «M» for feminine (mujer)
Two letters which are the two-letter state abbreviation for the state where the person was born; if the particular person was born outside of Mexico, the abbreviation «NE» might be used for Nacido en el Extranjero (born abroad)
Three letters from the individual’s legal name: – First internal consonant of the paternal surname – First inside consonant of the maternal surname – First internal consonant of the given name
One character to keep away from duplicate CURPs among people who have related names, places of birth, and dates of delivery; the character is a number that ranges from zero to 9 for individuals born earlier than 2000 and a letter from A to Z for individuals born since 2000
One character that is a checksum
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